Pushkar - The Holy City
Also known as:
The Holy City of Hindus
tinkling bangles, beads, embroidered
clothes, shoes, leather goods and colorful wooden toys
Its actual founding is not known **
** The date of its actual
founding is not known, but legend associates Lord Brahma with its
creation. It is mentioned that Brahma performed penance here for
60,000 years to have glimpse of Radha Krishna.
The Ramayan mentions Pushkar and says that Vishvamitra performed tapa
here. It further says that the Apsara Menaka came to Pushkara to bathe
in its sacred waters.
The Mahabharata says that while laying down a programme for Maharaja
Yudhishthara’s travel, “Maharaja after entering the Jungles of Sind
and crossing the small rivers on the way should bathe in Pushkara".
And, as per Vaman Purana, Prahlada on his pilgrimage to holy places
Pushkar is a fantastic interplay of history and mythology that makes
it worthwhile to travel to this holy destination of Rajasthan.
According to lore, the city of Pushkar came into being After a battle
between Lord Brahma and a demon named Vajra Nabh. After the demon was
killed by Brahma with the help of a lotus flower, three petals floated
down to Earth and landed in Pushkar leading to the creation of the
three lakes of Pushkar.
Recorded history shows that Pushkar was a favorite retreat of the
Mughal rulers, which was later taken over by the Scindias after the
eventual decline of the Mughal rule. The Scindias handed over the city
to the British thus making Pushkar one of the few places in Rajasthan
to be under direct British control, until Independence.
Although the city of Pushkar has 400 odd temples, the Brahma Temple is
the most famous of them. Brahma is one of the Hindu trinity Brahma,
Vishnu and Maheswar - the three gods representing creation, sustenance
and destruction. According to the myths, Brahma is the god of creation
of this earth. The four heads symbolizes His presence everywhere.
The most remarkable thing about the Brahma temple is that it is the
only one temple on earth dedicated to Lord Brahma. Pushkar literally
means a pond created by flowers. Legends have it that Lord Brahma,
when wanted to perform a yagna, dropped a lotus to determine the place
on earth. That is how Pushkar was created.
Savitri Temple in one of the most renowned one out of 400 temples in
Pushkar. According to the Hindu mythology Savitri is the first wife of
Lord Brahma. When He was all set to start a Yagna on earth in the
place of Pushkar (determined by drooping a lotus flower), Savitri's
presence was the prerequisite. But She had kept Him waiting. Lord
Brahma, irritated at this, married Gayatri the milkmaid to start the
yagna on the most auspicious moment.
Infuriated Savitri cursed that Lord Brahma would not be worshipped
anywhere else but Pushkar. Hence you find the only temple dedicated to
Lord Brahma only in Pushkar.
Varah Temple in Pushkar is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. One of the
various incarnations of Lord Vishnu was that of Varah (boar). The
temple worships the Varah form of Lord Vishnu.
You would find ample references of Vishnu in the Hindu myths and
legends. In several incarnations which numbers up to as many as 10,
Vishnu has appeared on the earth and saved the earth from the hand
of the evil.
The temple has a significant historical past. Mughal emperor
Aurangzeb destroyed much of the temple because he could not stand
with the rather bizarre idol of human body with the head of a boar,
housed in the temple.
Later Sawai Jai Singh II, the Maharajah of Jaipur reconstructed the
temple. Lord Vishnu is seen as one of the Hindu trinity - Brahma,
Vishnu and Maheswar. Vishnu represents the Sustenance of creation
while other two gods represents Creation and Destruction.
Mahadeva Temple in Pushkar is dedicated to Lord Mahadeva. The god is
one of the Hindu Trinity that represents Creation, Sustenance and
Destruction. According to the Hindu Puranas, Lord Mahadeva is the
god of destruction.
There are several myths and legends centering round Lord Mahadeva.
Ash-smeared and clad in tiger Skin, He holds a Trishul in his hand
and a bull is his pet. According to the legends, the river Ganges
has been created from His locks of hair.
Hindu pilgrims come for the holy dip in Pushkar Lake, which is
considered most on Kartik Poornima.The highlight of the fair is the
Camel Fair, the trading of camels. There are many ghats, which run
down to the Holy Pushkar Lake whose waters are famed to wash the
sins of a lifetime.
Pushkar becomes a bustling and colorful fairground in the month of
Kartik (October-November) when the annual Pushkar Fair is held. The
highlight of the fair is the Camel Fair, the trading of camels. Camels
are bought, sold, decked up and paraded on the sand dunes, presenting
a picturesque sight. The camel, horse and donkey races are events that
are hugely popular with the tourists. The Pushkar Fair has become a
major cultural event in the state of Rajasthan bringing together a
large number of villagers from different parts of the state of
Rajasthan who display their traditional ware and also make the
evenings colorful and festive with music and dance.
from major cities
How to reach there
Jaipur Airport is the nearest
Airport to Pushkar
Ajmer Railway Station is the nearest
station and well
connected with all major cities.
Ajmer Bus Stand is well connected by road
with Jaipur, Jodhpur & Udaipur with luxury A/c coaches.
Pushkar Royal Camp
Jagat Singh Palace
Hotel Master Paradise
Hotel New Park
Hotel Navratan Palace
hh - heritage hotel ;
ph - palace hotel ; bh - boutique hotel ; gh - guest house ; hs -
monuments in, north, indian, wildlife, tours, travel, tourist,
guide, attraction, places, tourism, destinations in rajasthan,
pushkar, rajasthan, india,
Pushkar - The Holy City, Rajasthan, Tourism, Monuments,
Attractions, Travel Tips, Shopping, pushkar the holy, the holy
city, destinations in rajasthan, rajasthan tourism monuments, city
rajasthan tourism, holy city rajasthan, attractions travel tips,
travel tips shopping, top destinations monuments, monuments in
north, state of rajasthan, the camel fair, pushkar rajasthan india,
temple in pushkar, the pushkar fair